Why has the Manx language disappeared at a certain time?
That is not a big problem.

It is because it is best to think that the Manx language is abolished as a byproduct of its extinction and social phenomena that can occur in any country and any place.
It is not uncommon things in the world that things and things that were once TRADITIONAL go down.
However, there are things that can be thought of as backgrounds leading to extinction.

From about the middle of the Middle Ages, the Isle of Man gradually entered under the influence of England, and it seems that the development of English since then has been a major external factor in the decline of the Manx language.
It can be said that the Man Island language declined rapidly during the 19th century and was replaced by English.



It is said that there were 16,200 people who used the Manx language for 54,000 population in Isle of Man in 1874.
This is 30% of the population.
On the other hand, at the same time, according to the book of J. G. Cumming in 1848, he said that "There are few people who do not speak English in Isle of Man, probably not at all in youth."

1921 For the population of 60,000 people, the proportion of people using Manx language is decreasing to 1.5%, the number was 896 and 1,000 less than 1,000, the prestige of the Manx language was declining.

Perhaps the times and societies in the future seem to be important in mastering English and there may be a tendency not to actively teach children their mother tongue.
  This is a social phenomenon that can easily be imagined.

As a result of this influence, those who regularly use Manx language decreased to 0.5% ;275 people against 55,000 population in 1951 (By the official data of the Isle of Man Census) .

The last native speaker of the Manx language passed away in 1974 and Manx language was going away.

The Manx language which was “TRADITIONAL” disappears spontaneously, and English reigns as “NEW TRADITIONAL”. Naturally, it was inevitable flow of the times.

しかし、同時に1848年の J.G.カミング著には「マン島には英語を話さない人はほとんど いない、若者ではおそらくまったくいない」と書かれているそうです。



「TRADITIONAL」だったマン島語が廃滅し、「NEW TRADITIONAL」として英語が君臨する。

The Manx language disappeared with the flow of the times, however, after then the era has come that Manx language is promoted and people recommended "it should be reconstructed!"

With this reconstruction effort, a lot of change has been born. Not only in the government but also in the private sector, the expression of the Manx language is increasing.

It was recovered up to 2% (1,800) people who use Manx language against the population of 88,000 in 2015.
This is a proof that Manx language is recovering at a great speed.

But, in 2009 the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s “World Crisis Language Map” declared that Manx language is an extinct language, despite having hundreds of Manx native speaker in Isle of Man.

After that, UNESCO changed the classification to “critically endangered” from the fact that there are hundreds of Manx language speakers.
It will eventually overcome a serious crisis.

時代の流れとともにマン島語が廃滅しましたが、その後、マン島語の復興が推進される、推進するべきだ! という時代が到来しました。


しかし、2009年に国連教育科学文化機関の世界危機言語地図は、マン島に数百人のマン島語話者がいるにもかかわらずマン島語を消滅言語 (extinct language) と宣言ました。
その後、ユネスコはマン島語話者が数百人存在する事実から分類を「深刻な危機 critically endangered」に変更したそうです。

The familiarity, recognition or interest in Manx language will be different depending on the age group, but it is certain that the Isle of Man now recovers from the social conditions such as 30 years ago when many people could not understand the Manx language at all.

There is no doubt that the Manx language is steadily expanding power.
In addition, by continuing this attempt, eventually the English that is currently TRADITIONAL will decline, and the Manx language may become normalized as NEW TRADITIONAL.


加えて、この試みを継続することで、やがて現在TRADITIONALである英語が衰退し、マン島語がNEW TRADITIONALとして常態化する可能性もあります。

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